Om Vishnupad 108 Tridandi Swami Sri Srimat Bhakti Sravan Tirtha Goswami Maharaj ki Jai !!



When Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was on his way to Vrindavan, he met with Sri Rupa Gosvami and Sanatana in Ramakeli, near Kanainatshala.

Jiva Gosvami their nephew was only a baby at that time. Rupa and Sanatana brought the baby and placed him at the feet of Mahaprabhu, who then touched him with His lotus feet and blessed him saying he would grow up and become a great Vaishnava.

After some time, the three brothers Anupama, Sanatana and Rupa left Ramakeli and proceeded towards Vrindavan and Puri to take to spiritual life.

Srila Rupa Gosvami later made arrangements for Jiva's education. He gave money to Jiva Gosvami's family so that they could help him with his studies. Thus, even in boyhood, Jiva attained proficiency in Bengali, Sanskrit, Urdu, Arabic and Farsi. He was an unparalleled scholar of Sanskrit, especially of Sanskrit grammar.

As he got a little older, Sri Jiva took up the worship of the deities of Sri Radha-Krishna. He would carefully decorate Them and offer bhoga and arati, serving Them with his full attention. Even in his play, whatever games he played were connected with Sri Krishna's pastimes.

When he was about ten years old, Jiva learnt of his father Anupam's demise on the banks of the Ganga. At this he grew extremely despondent and could not be comforted by anyone. Someone suggested to Jiva to go to Navadwipa and meet Lord Nityananda, so he set out for Navadwipa with a group of pilgrims. Everyone at Navadwipa was very happy to meet the nephew of Sri Rupa and Sanatana.

At that time Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu had already left the world. Sachi mata, Visnupriya Devi and Sri Nityananda Prabhu were present in Navadvipa and they were all weeping for Mahaprabhu. When Jiva arrived there, Srila Nityananda Prabhu put His feet on the head of Jiva and inspired in his heart all tattva (knowledge and realization). Jiva then began to cry for Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.

Sri Nityananda Prabhu said, "Come with me. I will take you on parikrama of the sixteen krosas (thirty-two square miles) of Sri Navadvipa Mandala." He then took Jiva to the nine islands of Navadvipa: Antardvipa, Simantadvipa, Godrumadvipa, Madhyadvipa, Koladvipa, Rtudvipa, Jahnudvipa, Modadrumadvipa and Rudradvipa. He especially showed him Sri Yogapitha, the birthplace of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, situated on the island called Mayapura.

Srila Jiva Gosvami told Nityananda Prabhu, "I want to stay here, at Your lotus feet." But Nityananda Prabhu said, "Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu told Srila Rupa Gosvami, 'I am giving you and your whole family to Vrindavana.' So you should also go to Vrindavana, to be with your uncles Srila Rupa and Sanatana."

At the end of the tour, as ordered by Nityananda Prabhu, Jiva set out for Kashi (Banaras) . At Kashi he studied Vedanta under Sri Madhusudana Vacaspati, a disciple of Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya. The conclusions of Vedanta contained in Srimad-Bhagavatam that were expounded by Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu to Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya in Puri had been in turn taught by the Bhattacharya to Madhusudana Vacaspati, who established a school at Kashi.

From there Sri Jiva set out for Vrindavana where he received shelter at the lotus feet of his two uncles, Sri Rupa and Sanatana. Jiva stayed with Rupa Gosvami, who began to teach him Srimad-Bhagavatam. After initiating him in the divine mantra, Rupa Gosvami engaged him in the service of Sri Sri Radha-Damodara.

Knowing of Jiva's desire for a deity, Srila Rupa Gosvami personally carved, installed and offered a small Krishna Deity named "Damodara" to his disciple Srila Jiva Gosvami.

In his youth Srila Jiva Gosvami had already mastered Sanskrit, Urdu and Farsi and later he perfected his knowledge of the Vaisnava philosophy under the tutelage of Srila Rupa and Santana Gosvami. After thier disappearance Srila Jiva Gosvami became the Gaudiya Vaisnava " Sampradaya Acharya" for the entire world of Krishna bhaktas.

Srila Jiva Gosvami consolidated and commented elaborately upon the works of Srila Rupa and Sanatana Gosvami. He wrote an astounding half-a-million Sanskrit verses based on authentic Vedic scriptures, in order to conclusively prove that the philosophy and teachings of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu are the essence of Vedic wisdom and the perfection of religion.

Srial Jiva Gosvami was acknowledged as the greatest seer and philosopher of his time and yet he remained extremely humble. He was expert in all practical dealings. Srila Jiva Gosvami built a library to preserve the Gosvamis' writings; supervised the excavation and development of Radha-kunda; personally managed the temples and directed the worship of Radha-Madan-Mohan, Radha-Govinda, Radha-Gopinatha and Radha-Damodara.

Seeing that Jiva had quickly become conversant with the conclusion of Srimad-Bhagavatam, Sri Rupa engaged him in proof-reading his Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu. At this time Sri Jiva compiled a commentary on Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu called Durgama-sangamani.

Sri Sanatana Goswami compiled Sri Vaisnava-tosani, a commentary on the tenth canto of Srimad-Bhagavatam, which he gave to Sri Jiva for proof-reading. Under the order of Sri Sanatana, Sri Jiva compiled a commentary on that named Laghu Vaisnava-tosani. His writings, along with those of Sri Rupa and Sri Sanatana, Sri Gopal Bhatta, Sri Raghunatha Bhatta, Sri Raghunatha Dasa, Sri Krsna Dasa, Sri Kashisvar Pandita, and Sri Madhu Pandita, completely captivated the learned men of that time.

It was the beginning of a golden age at Vrindavana. Sri Jiva regularly served Sri Rupa and edited manuscripts. After the passing away of Sri Sanatana and Rupa, Sri Jiva continued the tradition that they had started. Once Sri Jiva travelled to Agra to debate with the Rajputs concerning the glories of Yamuna and Ganga rivers. He established that the Yamuna is more glorious than the Ganga as the Ganga emanates from Krishna's lotus feet whereas the Yamuna is His own consort. At this the Moghul emperor was very much satisfied and wanted to present him something. Sri Jiva replied that he would accept some blank papers. So the emperor presented Jiva some stained paper. (At that time paper was very rare and most manuscripts were usually composed on leaves.)

There is also a legend that once, when a moghul emperor (possibly Akbar) wanted to confer something on the Goswamis of Vrindavana, they requested a farman (emperor's order) that no living beings would be killed within Vraja. As a result of this no king would come to hunt there anymore.

Sri Narottama Das Thakura, Sri Srinivasa Acharya, and Sri Syamananda Prabhu, were greatly favoured by Srila Jiva Goswami. Under his tutelage they studied all the literatures of the Goswamis. Later he sent them to preach this knowledge in Bengal.

Srila Jiva Goswami composed many literatures, amongst them:

Harinamamrta-vyakarana, Sutra-malika, Rasamrta-sesa, Gopala- virudavali ,Sri-Madhava-mahotsava, Sri-Sankalpa-kalpavrksa, Brahma-Samhita-tika, Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu-tika (Durgama-sangamani), Ujjvala-nilamani-tika (Locana-rocani), Gopala-campu, Sat-sandharbha (Tattva-sandarbha, Bhagavata-sandarbha, Paramatma sandarbha, Krsna-sandarbha, Bhakti-sandharbha, Priti-sandarbha) Srimad-Bhagavata-tika (Krama-sandarbha), Laghu-vaisnava-tosani (Tenth Canto Bhagavatam commentary), Sarva-sambadina (commentary on Sat-sandarbha), Gopala-tapani-tika (Sri-Suhkha-bodhini), Padma-puranastha-yogasara-stotra-tika, Gayatri-vyakhya-vivrti (A commentary on the Gayatri mantra as described in the Agni Purana, chapters 216–7), Radha-Krsnarcana-candrika, Dhatu-sangraha, Bhavartha-sucaka-campu.

Srila Jiva Goswami passed away in 1618 in Vrindavana. His samadhi is in Radha Damodar temple in Vrindavan.