Om Vishnupad 108 Tridandi Swami Sri Srimat Bhakti Sravan Tirtha Goswami Maharaj ki Jai !!

Gadadhar Pandita is among the group known as the Pancha-tattva, consisting of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and four of His closest associates. Gadadhar Pandita spent most of his life in Jagannatha Puri worshiping the Tota-Gopinatha Deity, who is still worshiped in Puri. Gadadhar Pandita is considered an incarnation of Srimati Radharani, the eternal consort of Krishna.

Sri Gauranga Mahaprabhu, during His appearance in this world, was accompanied by His intimate associate, Sri Gadadhar Pandit Goswami. The message of Uttama-bhakti that the Lord relishes most is explained in the Holy Scripture, Srimad Bhagavatam. However, only those who receive the special mercy of the Lord, are capable of understanding the esoteric meaning of this scripture.

Sri Gadadhar Pandit Goswami was the one who had the potency to understand and explain Srimad Bhagavatam to the world. In fact Lord Sri Chaitanya Himself used to hear the exposition of Srimad Bhagavatam only from Sri Gadadhar Pandit Goswami.

Mahaprabhu had asked Sri Gadadhar Pandit to do three activities on His behalf.
Be the authoritative teacher of Srimad-Bhagavatam; give diksha (formal initiation) on behalf of Mahaprabhu to the true seekers on the path of pure Vraja-bhakti and worship the deity of Sri Govindev ji along with His eternal consort, Sri Radha.

When Lord Sri Krishna appeared in this world as Sri Gauranga Mahaprabhu, His eternal consort, Sri Radha appeared too in the form of Sri Gadadhar Pandit Goswami. He became the instrument through whom the Supreme Lord fulfilled His desire of establishing a system of propagating Uttama Bhakti in this world.

Those who were inspired by the teachings of Mahaprabhu and developed an attraction for Uttama-Bhaktireceived diksha (initiation) from Sri Gadadhar Pandit, whom Mahaprabhu had authorized to give diksha on His behalf. They, in turn, achieving maturity on the path of Uttama-Bhakti, later initiated others. Thus were established different lineages of guru-disciple relationship starting from Sri Gadadhar Pandit Goswami. Even today, the lineage of guru-disciple system exists in Sri Haridas Niwas, Vrindavan. The lineages starting from Sri Gadadhar Pandit Goswami are called Sri Gadadhar Parivar

Diksha of Gadadhar Pandit Goswami

Appearances can be deceptive – that was one of the first lessons Sri Gadadhar Pandit Goswami learnt from his Gurudev, Sri Pundarik Vidyanidhi. Seeing the material glory of Sri Vidyanidhi during their first meeting, Sri Gadadhar Pandit wrongly concluded that the person he was meeting must be steeped in sense pleasure and Bhakti was nowhere close to him. He was confused about Mahaprabhu’s edification of Sri Vidyanidhi that he had earlier heard. But soon the truth dawned upon him and he realised his mistake.

Full of remorse for having harboured such thoughts about Sri Pundarik Vidyanidhi, he was wondering what to do to counteract the grave offense. Finally he decided that the only way he could repent was by being a surrendered servant of Sri Vidyanidhi throughout his life. This meant that he would accept him as his guru. Thus was the lila of receiving diksha performed by Sri Gadadhar Pandit Goswami. Sri Pundarik Vidyanidhi was a disciple of Sri Madhavendra Puri, the param-guru of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.

Initiating Guru

According to some Gaudiya Vaishnava authorities, Gadadhar Pandit was also the diksha guru of Rupa and Sanatana Goswamis.

There is some evidence of this in a book called Sadhanadipika by Sri Radha-Krishna Gosvami, a disciple of Haridasa, who is a grand-disciple of Sri Gadadhar Pandita. Sri Haridasa is mentioned in Chaitanya Charitamrta in Adi-lila, Chapter twelve in the list of Sri Gadadhar Pandita Sakha and in Bhakti Ratnakara, Chapter thirteen. He was the pujari of Sri Radha Govindadeva in Vrindavan, the temple established by Rupa Gosvami.  

In the mangalacaranam of this book he writes the following verse (1.3):

SrI-Chaitanya-priyatamaH Srimad-rAdhA-GadadharH
tat-parivAra-rUpasya Sri-govinda-prasevanam
tayoH sat-prema-sat-pAtram SrI-rUpaH karUNambudhiH
tat-pAda-kamala-dvandve ratir me syAd vraje sadA

 “Sri Radha-Gadadhar (name used for Gadadhar Pandita) is most dear to Sri Chaitanya. Sri Rupa who belongs to his (Gadadhar’s) family has [established] service to Sri Govinda. Sri Rupa Gosvami, an ocean of mercy, is a befitting recipient of the pure love of these two, i.e. Sri Chaitanya and Sri Gadadhar. May I have love for the two lotus feet of that [Sri Rupa] in Vraja.”

Later on, in the same chapter, he writes that both Rupa Gosvami and Sri Sanatana Gosvami appointed devotees belonging to Gadadhar family as servitors of their respective temples as per the wish of Mahaprabhu.

From Chaitanya Caritamrita and Chaitanya Bhagavata, it is understood that Mahaprabhu gave vigraha seva,service to the deity and also the Tota Gopinatha deity Himself, to Gadadhar Pandita. He was also given the service to recite Bhagavata Purana.  Mahaprabhu personally used to listen to it from his mouth at the bank of Narendra Sarovara in Puri.  

According to the author of Sadhana-dipika it means that He authorized specifically Gadadhar Pandita to propagate vigraha seva and the teaching of Bhagavata. This implies that Mahaprabhu also authorized Gadadhar Pandita to initiate because deity worship cannot be performed without mantra diksha. Therefore, it is not surprising that the deity worship in Vrindavan was performed by the followers of Gadadhar Pandita.

In Sadhanadipaika  (Chapter 7, page 143), it is written that in Puri, Navadvipa and in Vrindavan the service to the deities and recitation of Bhagavata Puranais done by the followers of Gadadhar Pandita,  who is the main representative of the internal potency of Mahaprabhu. This was according to the desire of Mahaprabhu. This point is reiterated in other  parts of this book with references to Chaitanya Charitamrita and Chaitanya Bhagavata.

We furthermore know that Acyutananda, the son of Advaita Acarya, was a disciple of Gadadhar Pandita. Srila Bhakti Siddhanta Prabhupada writes in his purport to Adi Lila, 12.17:

“From a book named Sakha-nirnayamrta it is understood that Acyutananda was a disciple of Gadadhar Pandita and that he took shelter of Lord Chaitanya in Jagannatha Puri and engaged in devotional service."

The Chaitanya-caritamrta, Adi-lila, Chapter Ten, states that Acyutananda, the son of Advaita Acarya, lived in Jagannatha Puri, taking shelter of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Gadadhar Pandita, in the last years of his life, also lived with Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu at Jagannatha Puri. There is no doubt, therefore, that Acyutananda was a disciple of Pandita Gadadhar.”

In Antya Lila, Chapter Seven, there is also the story of Vallabha Bhatta visting Mahaprabhu. In verse 171 it is mentioned that Vallabha Bhatta took mantra diksha from Gadadhar Pandita. This also indicatives that Mahaprabhu wanted Pandita Gadadhar to accept disciples on His behalf. It also agrees with the idea that Mahaprabhu came to give Radha-bhava as Gadadhar is a manifestation of Radha.

From all these evidences it is clear that Mahaprabhu wished Sri Gadadhar Pandita who is Radha herself, to initiate on His behalf and propagate deity worship and teachings of Bhagavata Purana through his disciples.


One might ask, if Lord Chaitanya is Radha and Krishna combined, then why the necessity for Gadadhar Pandit? The answer to this is that while Sri Chaitanya is Krishna desiring to experience the unparalleled love of Radha for Krishna. Sri Gadadhar Pandit represents that bhava personified, and thus he has appeared to be at the side of Mahaprabhu to assist Him in His quest.

It is also said that Krishna “stole” the bhava of Radha and appeared as Mahaprabhu, Radha-Krishna combined. Gadadhar represents that which is left of Radha after Krishna steals her bhava. The mood is that since neither Radha nor Krishna appear on the purnima tithi (full moon), but when the divine couple combine as Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, this appearance occurs on the full moon in Navadwipa.

Gaur-Gadadhar Ki Jai !!

Jai Guru !!

Jai Jai Sri Radhey !!